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Cystic Acne can appear at any age, but changes in hormonal levels during the puberty are often associated with the main cause.
Most of the acne occurs in someone under 28 years old. Women aged 20's are five times more risky to experience Cystic Acne than men in their 20's.
Especially in adolescents, Cystic Acne is very prone to appear at the age of 14-19 years.
Then how do I get rid of Cystic Acne when ordinary beauty products are not potent? Here are some treatment options that you can do at the doctor.
How to remove Cystic Acne at a doctor
When you have Cystic Acne, you shouldn't try to remove it with your own hands, like pressing or pinching until the acne content comes out.
This will increase inflammation and become scarring on the skin. Usually free medicines without a doctor's prescription are less effective for relieving Cystic Acne.
Then what to do to get rid of Cystic Acne? You should contact a dermatologist to get the right treatment according to the severity of Cystic Acne.
Some medications that the doctor may recommended include:
1. Topical Retinoid
Topical Retinoids (Retin-A, Adapalene, Tazarotene, and tretinoin) include derivative types of vitamin A can help cure acne, eliminate acne scars, close pores, and prevent severe acne.
To obtain effective results, usually topical retinoids are used concurrently with topical antibiotics.
A commonly used topical retinoids medication is adapalene, which is available in the form of creams, gels, and lotions.
Topical use of retinoids for acne is recommended at night and applied once a day. The results of treatment using topical retinoids will look about three to four weeks, if you use them routinely.
Topical use of retinoids can make the face blush, itch, and exfoliate. These side effects are usually temporary when your skin is unfamiliar with this treatment.
You can avoid side effects by using retinoids acid every two days or alternating until your skin is accustomed. Topical retinoids can also make you more prone to sunburn, so be sure to wear sunscreen when you're outdoors.
Antibiotics to eliminate Cystic Acne can be used topically and oral antibiotics work by clearing the skin of acne-causing bacteria and reducing inflammation.
However, antibiotics do not reduce excess oil and dead skin cells.
The limited ability of drinking antibiotics is only to penetrate the skin and cleanse the pimples deeper. While drinking antibiotics spread throughout the body, including oil glands.
However, drinking antibiotics often cause side effects.
Some of the local antibiotic products available in the form of creams, gels, and lotions are clindamycin, erythromycin, and Dapsone.
Its use should always be combined with benzoyl peroxide or topical retinoids and applied topically directly on acne.
This is done to reduce the likelihood of developing antibiotic resistance.
Some of the commonly used drinking antibiotics are doxycycline, minocycline, and tetracycline. All three are quite effective in many cases of other pimples.
However, these antibiotics should not be taken while pregnant. Taking tetracycline after the age of pregnancy through four months can change the color of the teeth and inhibit infant bone growth.
In addition, the use of antibiotics as a way of eliminating Cystic Acne should be used in the short term, to avoid the risk of bacterial resistance.
If antibiotics are ineffective, then your doctor may recommend Isotretinoin.
Isotretinoin (Accutane) is the most effective drinking medication for Cystic Acne. This drug comes from A derivative of vitamin A. This drug can reduce excess oil production.
Isotretinoin can be consumed in tablet form, and used one or two times a day for 15 to for 20 weeks. The results of the new treatment will be seen in four to six months time.
However, Isotretinoin includes acne medications that should not be consumed by pregnant women. These drugs can cause babies to be born with learning disorders; Disability of the brain, heart, and nervous system; and facial abnormalities.
Acne medication is also associated with the risk of miscarriage and stillborn babies.
5. Birth Control Medicine
Birth control pills are a proper treatment for the removal of Cystic Acne in women.
This is particularly effective if you have Cystic Acne due to the levels of unbalanced hormones associated with the menstrual cycle.
Birth control pills contain estrogen hormones, which can help regulate overall hormone levels and may reduce acne.
However, the birth control pills cannot be used for everyone. These drugs should probably not be consumed if you smoke, have blood clotting, or are trying to conceive.
How to get rid of Cystic Acne in a doctor is one with Spironolactone (Aldactone). Generally this drug is used as a diuretic to help treat edema and high blood pressure.
Spironolakton is a drinking drug that works by regulating the levels of excess androgen hormones that can cope with inflammation due to acne.
However, this drug is not FDA approved (The Food and Drug Administration) for acne, but it is very helpful for women who have Cystic Acne menstrual periods.
This drug should not be consumed during pregnancy because it can cause birth defects in infants. People with kidney disease are also not advised to use this drug.
In addition, the drug also has side effects, such as dizziness, headache, fatigue, hyperkalemia, and irregular menstruation.
7. Cortisone injections
Cortisone is a corticosteroid hormone. This hormone drug can be injected directly into Cystic Acne to reduce inflammation and accelerate healing. Therefore, this treatment can minimize the risk of acne scars.
Tags : acne