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3 Diabetes complications that are dangerous in children

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Just like in adults, children who have diabetes are also at high risk of complications if their blood sugar levels are not well controlled.

Diabetes complications in children can affect growth and development later.

Therefore, it is important for parents to help monitor the child's blood sugar so that it is always within normal limits.

Various complications of diabetes in children

1. Stunted physical growth

If diabetes in children is not well controlled and left for a long time, it will cause slow physical growth, weight loss drastically, as well as delays in puberty and bone growth.

Impaired growth or poor weight gain is usually suspected as a symptom of hypothyroidism and celiac disease.

Regular checks of children's height, weight, and body mass index are the best ways to monitor their health.

This is done to prevent the occurrence of diabetes complications in children that can inhibit physical growth.

If when there is a deviation examination, then the doctor can immediately evaluate and treat the condition of the child in accordance with their needs.

2. Diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a complication of diabetes in serious children.

This condition occurs when the child's body produces too much blood acid (ketones) but is not accompanied by adequate insulin intake.

Insulin is needed to absorb glucose into the cells of the body to convert glucose into energy.
Diabetic ketoacidosis can be life threatening.

The risk of death is higher if the child has severe diabetic ketoacidosis. Patients will need close monitoring by pediatric endocrinologists or pediatric intensivists.

Because diabetic ketoacidosis is very dangerous, prevention is very important. Prevention can be achieved by:

• Be aware of the signs and symptoms of untreated diabetes
• Always detect symptoms early if your family is at risk
• Looking for as much information about ketones
• Tell friends, family, and other caregivers about the signs and symptoms of early diabetic ketoasiodis
• Realizing that negligence of insulin administration due to psychological problems and lack of funds are the most common causes of diabetic ketoasiodis in patients with diabetes
• Contact your doctor promptly if blood glucose levels are high, especially when there is ketonuria (ketones in the urine) and ketonemia (excess ketones in the blood), and if accompanied by other diseases.

3. Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia is another thing from diabetes complications that need to be watched out for. Especially if the child has a history of hypoglycemic seizures.

This condition occurs when blood glucose drops below normal levels suddenly. Now, this sudden drop in blood sugar can cause serious problems.

One of them causes cognitive decline, aka the child's thought process.

There are several reasons why a child can experience hypoglycemia.

The most common are the side effects of drugs used to treat diabetes.

If the child uses insulin injections that exceed the dose or consume too much diabetes medication, it will eventually trigger excessive insulin release.

As a result, your blood sugar levels drop too low, resulting in hypoglycemia.

However, this condition can also occur even if the child is using insulin injections with the appropriate dose.

Usually this happens when your child eats too little, delays eating, or even doesn't eat at all during the day.

In addition, excessive physical activity without being balanced with proper food intake can also cause your child's blood sugar to be low.

In addition, boys and long-standing diabetes have a higher risk of developing complications from hypoglycemia.

Because hypoglycemia is a serious complication of diabetes, it is important for parents to be aware of symptoms.

In general, symptoms of hypoglycemia are categorized based on their severity.

Mild hypoglycemia is associated with mild adrenergic or cholinergic symptoms (sweating, pale, palpitations, and trembling).

Your child may also experience mild symptoms of neuroglycopenia (headaches and behavior changes).

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