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4 Ways to Prevent Blindness Due to Diabetes Complications


Blindness is one of the complications that may occur due to diabetes.

People with diabetes have a higher risk of blindness compared to people who do not have diabetes.

Diabetes eye disease can damage the eyes and eyesight which can lead to blindness.

So, how to prevent blindness due to diabetes?
Why diabetes can damage the eyes?

Before you know how to prevent blindness due to diabetes, you need to know why diabetes can damage the eyes.

Diabetic eye disease consists of diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, glaucoma, and diabetic macular edema.

Among the four diseases, diabetic retinopathy is the most common condition that can cause blindness.

When you have diabetes, your blood sugar levels are much higher than other healthy people.

Blood glucose that is too high for too long can damage the function of the retina.

The retina is the layer behind the eye that functions to convert light into nerve signals and then is sent to the brain so you can see.

To be able to carry out its function the retina requires many small blood vessels around.

In the condition of diabetics, it means that the level of sugar in the blood increases, if it continues continuously uncontrollably it can cause damage to blood vessels.

This is what causes the disruption of the function of the retina and causes you cannot see (blindness).
From the start you have diabetes until blindness does not happen quickly.

Usually in the early stages of diabetes retinopathy, you are not aware of any visual impairment.

However, over time you will feel blurry vision with gradual decline in vision, visible shadows of small to large objects hovering when you see (floaters), pain and redness in the eyes until you finally feel unable to see (blindness).

Various ways to prevent blindness due to diabetes

To prevent diabetes complications that result in blindness, you can do a variety of ways such as:

1. Routinely take medication as prescribed

In principle, to prevent complications of diabetes, you need to control the level of sugar in your blood, one of them by routinely taking diabetes medications.

Not only oral medication, if your doctor prescribes various other treatments such as insulin injections, you also need to comply with the recommendations given.

Doctors provide treatment based on a diagnosis that is made appropriately.

Therefore, all types of treatment given must have been adjusted to your current condition.

Taking oral medication and additional treatments as directed by your doctor is an effective way to maintain your health condition so that it doesn't get worse and your blood sugar remains stable.

2. Implement a healthy lifestyle

Implementing a healthy lifestyle after being exposed to diabetes is a powerful way to keep your health condition stable and even better.

Maintaining your diet, sleeping patterns, and doing physical activity regularly should be a habit that you need to adopt from now on.

This is just as important as taking medications regularly, because even if you are a drug user but don't maintain your diet, your blood sugar levels might not be controlled.

Not eating a variety of foods high in sugar, high in fat, and high in salt can be a healthy way to maintain your diet.

In addition, you can keep your blood sugar levels stable by eating small but frequent meals. You can also replace regular sugar with low-calorie sweeteners.

Maintaining ideal body weight remains ideal by doing various physical activities also become important when you have diabetes.

You can do a series of pleasant light sports such as relaxing walking, tai chi, yoga, swimming and cycling.

In addition, quoted from, exercise can also help increase insulin sensitivity in diabetes.

Another thing that is no less important needs to be done is to improve sleep patterns.

Poor sleep patterns such as lack of sleep or even too much sleep can result in nerve pain, fatigue, and a surge in blood sugar.

3. Perform routine checks

If you have diabetes, you need to see your doctor more regularly.

Do not ignore the signals given by the body such as blurred vision, prolonged muscle aches, and other health complaints.

People who have diabetes have a weaker immune system compared to people without diabetes. Therefore, diabetes is more susceptible to various other diseases that can cause complications including the eyes.

For that, you should regularly check blood sugar levels, cholesterol, and blood pressure every month to ensure your health condition.

Because the cholesterol is too high can lead to complications of heart disease and high blood pressure leads to hypertension.

Both diseases are very susceptible to diabetes as a complication of the disease.

Not only that, because people with diabetes are more prone to eye disease that results in blindness, you need to have regular eye health checks.

Diabetic retinopathy for example can be minimized by controlling blood sugar levels that are quite strict and routine eye examinations.

Keeping blood sugar levels stable even near normal can reduce the risk of diabetic retinopathy and prevent severity.

4. Stop smoking

The last way to prevent blindness is to stop smoking. Smoking can make insulin resistance cause blood sugar levels cannot be controlled.

Blood sugar that is too high can increase the risk of complications of various diseases including diabetes eye disease.

In addition, smoking can accelerate the development of diabetes eye disease, namely diabetic retinopathy.

If you have diabetes and keep smoking as usual then you can lose vision.

Therefore, for the sake of better health you should make an effort slowly to stop smoking.

Remember, even though quitting smoking is difficult, you will have much more difficulty when you are blind due to continuing this bad habit.

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