Wednesday, November 13, 2019

9 Complications of Diabetes Mellitus, from the Mildest to the Fatal

source : ulyadays.com


Blood sugar that is left unstable or continues to rise can cause serious problems.

If you have this, be careful with the risk of complications of diabetes mellitus which can be fatal. It might even be fatal if not handled properly.

Complications of diabetes mellitus to watch out for Diabetes is a disease that affects almost all organs of the body, including the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, to nerves and teeth.

So do not be surprised if complications from this disease can further aggravate your condition.

Here are a series of diabetes mellitus complications that must be wary of people with diabetes.

1. Hair loss

Rather than other complications of diabetes mellitus, hair loss may be classified as the mildest.

Even so, hair loss due to diabetes should not be underestimated because it can cause baldness. This will certainly disturb your appearance.

Hair loss due to diabetes can be caused by many factors.

First, because blood flow to the hair follicles is blocked due to damage to blood vessels. Hair follicles lacking nutrients and oxygen can trigger hair loss.

Second, complications of diabetes mellitus can also disrupt the work of the endocrine system.

The endocrine system produces androgens that function to regulate hair growth and the health of hair follicles.

When the endocrine system has a problem, the health of the hair follicles can also be affected. As a result, hair becomes easy to fall out.

Apart from the two things above, hair loss due to diabetes can also be caused due to stress or a history of thyroid disease.

It must be understood that hair loss does not only occur on the head, but also occurs in the hair of the arms, legs, eyebrows, and other body parts.

2. Tooth and mouth disorders

In fact, complications of diabetes mellitus can also affect the health of your teeth and mouth.

Blood sugar levels that are too high can trigger infections and various problems in the mouth, including disorders of the teeth, gums, and tongue.

This is because saliva also contains natural sugars.

When diabetes is uncontrolled, not only does glucose in the blood increase but also glucose in saliva.

Saliva that is then high in sugar invites bacteria to grow and develop in the mouth.

Later, bacteria that colonize in the mouth will trigger the formation of plaque on the tooth surface.

Increasingly thicker plaque can make the gums and the area around the mouth become inflamed and infected.

This is what puts you at high risk of experiencing various dental and oral problems. This condition will get worse if you do not regularly clean your teeth.

Some dental and mouth problems that are often experienced by people with diabetes include inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), gum disease (periodontitis), dry mouth, to candidiasis. Candidiasis is inflammation due to fungal growth in the mouth that is not controlled.

The main key to prevent complications of diabetes mellitus is to maintain oral and dental hygiene. Make sure you diligently brush your teeth at least twice a day.

3. Sexual dysfunction

Many people are not aware that sexual dysfunction such as impotence (erectile dysfunction) and decreased arousal or sex drive can include complications of diabetes mellitus.

Nearly 1 in 3 men affected by diabetes experience erectile dysfunction.

In women, sex problems related to diabetes complications especially include vaginal dryness and vaginal bacterial infections that cause pain during sex.

All these sexual dysfunction problems occur due to nerve damage that is triggered by diabetes.

Nerves that have already been damaged will be "blunt" when receiving sexual stimulation so that the sensation no longer feels as terrible as before.

In addition, the risk of genital infections tends to be caused by bacterial imbalances due to high sugar levels in the body.

Whichever you experience, certainly makes sex no longer a fun activity.

Then consult a doctor immediately if you suspect your bed problems are caused by complications of diabetes mellitus.

Don't feel bad because your doctor can help you get treatment and find the best solution so that your sex drive returns to blazing.

4. Nerve damage

Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that occurs due to complications of diabetes mellitus. High blood sugar levels can damage the nerves in your body.

Oftentimes nerve damage due to diabetes occurs in the hands and feet.

This condition can cause numbness or tingling in the fingers and toes.

Other symptoms are the onset of pain, numbness, numbness or numbness, to the burning sensation. Symptoms of nerve damage may initially feel mild, but as it tends to get more intense it can even spread to your feet or arms.

When used for activities, such as walking, your feet will usually feel painful and very painful. Even when a part of your arm or hand is touched by a soft touch, you may experience intense pain.

According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, 10-20 percent of people with diabetes experience nerve pain.

Nerve damage can also affect mood, causing stress and chronic sleep disorders. Eventually, this complication of diabetes can reduce the overall quality of life of the sufferer.

5. Eye damage

The complications of diabetes mellitus can cause eye damage if blood sugar levels are left constantly high.

Initially, this problem is characterized by blurred vision for several days or weeks.

This eye disorder will usually disappear when your blood glucose levels have returned to normal.

But when blood sugar levels are constantly high, the small blood vessels in the back of the eye can be damaged.

Damage to the blood vessels of the eye can even be started since prediabetes, when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes.

Damaged blood vessels can discharge and cause swelling.

New, weak blood vessels can also appear.

These blood vessels can bleed in the middle of the eye, which triggers the growth of scar tissue or causes high pressure in your eyes.

Diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, glaucoma and cataracts are the four most common vision problems for people with diabetes.

6. Cardiovascular disease

High blood sugar levels can cause fat to accumulate in the walls of blood vessels.

Over time, this condition can inhibit blood circulation which ultimately increases the risk of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).

If you have this, people with diabetes are at high risk of heart attack and stroke.

This was confirmed by the American Heart Association (AHA).

On its official website, the AHA says that people with diabetes are four times more likely to die of heart disease than those who have no history of diabetes.

AHA even considers diabetes as one of the seven main risk factors causing cardiovascular disease.

Experts believe that diabetes can experience complications of diabetes mellitus if previously it has risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease.

For example, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and triglyceride levels, obesity, laziness, and smoking.

So, if you have one or even several of these risk factors, you are at high risk of developing diabetes mellitus complications such as heart disease or stroke.

7. Kidney damage

Complications of diabetes mellitus can also cause kidney damage.

Kidney damage due to complications of diabetes mellitus in medical terms is called diabetic nephropathy.

This condition can be experienced by people with type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes.

The Mayo Clinic says that more than 40 percent of people with diabetes experience kidney damage due to diabetes complications.

This condition occurs when diabetes damages the blood vessels and cells in your kidneys.

So here you go, your kidneys contain billions of small blood vessels (glomeruli) which are responsible for filtering out residual impurities and removing fluids from the body.

Well, high blood sugar can cause damage to these small blood vessels which ultimately reduce kidney function.

If not treated properly, this condition can cause severe kidney damage which in turn increases the risk of death. The early stages of kidney damage often do not cause obvious symptoms.

You may not experience any symptoms until your kidney disease progresses to the final stage.

8. Diabetic foot

If you don't have diabetes, the foot wound may dry out or heal quickly.

However, another case when you have diabetes.

A slight injury can be a severe infection that is difficult to treat and long to heal. Even in serious cases, the wound can have a leg amputated.

This complication of diabetes mellitus is known as diabetic foot or diabetic foot.

High blood sugar levels can cause nerves in the legs are damaged so that the loss of sensation This makes people with diabetes numb and can not feel the sensation of pain when the leg is injured.

High blood sugar levels can also inhibit the circulation of oxygen-rich blood and nutrients to the legs.

In fact, the injured part of the foot really needs oxygen and nutrients contained in the blood to heal quickly. As a result, the feet cells have difficulty repairing damaged tissues and nerves.

So do not be surprised if the process of healing open wounds of people with diabetes tend to be slower. Good foot care is very important to prevent serious infections and gangrene (ulcers).

9. Diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus and you should not underestimate it. This condition occurs when your body produces too much blood acid called a ketone.

As we know, sugar is the main energy source for body cells that form muscles and other tissues. So that sugar can enter the body's cells, the body will automatically produce the hormone insulin.

When the body does not produce enough insulin, the body will produce other hormones that work to break down fat as energy.

Now, this process will produce an acid known as a ketone. Normally, ketones are produced when we skip meals, are stressed, or forget to inject insulin.

Excessive ketones accumulate in the blood and cause symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis.

For example excessive thirst, frequent urination, abdominal pain, shortness of breath, palpitations, and feeling weak, lethargic, and not powered.

Severe ketoacidosis can cause coma. Therefore, you need quick treatment if you experience symptoms of ketoacidosis.


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