Not without reason diabetes is dubbed the "mother of all diseases". Therefore, this disease risks causing serious health problems that affect overall body health. If you experience this disease, don't be afraid. There are many ways to prevent complications of diabetes mellitus that you can do.
Various ways to prevent complications of diabetes mellitus
1. Commit to maintaining normal blood sugar
To prevent complications of diabetes mellitus, you must know the ins and outs of this disease. From things that are enemies of diabetes to what should be done. Ask this doctor who treats you.
After knowing what and how to control diabetes, instill it in yourself. Start trying to make suggestions and avoid things that are challenged by the doctor.
You can start by making a healthy diet plan and doing physical activities as part of your daily routine. Do not forget to also maintain your weight, keep your blood sugar levels, and follow the doctor's instructions to regulate your blood sugar levels.
2. Don't smoke
Quitting smoking in fact can help prevent the risk of diabetes complications. Here are the things that happen to the body if you still smoke:
- Lack of blood flow in the feet and soles of the feet, which refers to infection, and the possibility of removal of body parts through surgery (amputation)
- Affected by heart disease
- Affected by a stroke
- Exposed to eye disease that leads to blindness
- Nerve damage
- Kidney illness
- Talk to your doctor about ways to help you stop smoking or use other types of tobacco.
There are two conditions that can trigger complications of diabetes mellitus. First, high blood pressure which can damage your blood vessels. Second, high cholesterol levels can also make diabetes worse. When these conditions become one, they can lead to a heart attack, stroke, or other life-threatening conditions.
Immediately, implementing a healthy diet that is low in fat and regular exercise can take a long time to control high blood pressure and cholesterol. Your doctor may also prescribe medications to prevent tension and high cholesterol levels.
4. Make a regular schedule for physical and eye examination
To prevent complications of diabetes mellitus such as glaucoma and hypertension, schedule two to three times a year. Generally the doctor will examine your physical condition including the eyes.
During a physical examination, the doctor will ask about lifestyle, diet and other health symptoms that lead to diabetes-related complications.
This routine check also includes checking for signs of kidney damage, nerve damage and heart disease, and also to look for other medical problems. The ophthalmologist will check for signs of retinal damage, cataracts, and glaucoma.
5. Don't forget the vaccine
High blood sugar levels in diabetics can also weaken the immune system, which makes the body vulnerable to disease.
To prevent diabetes complications, please ask and consult with your doctor about the following vaccines for diabetes.
- Flu vaccine. A flu shot every year can help you stay healthy during the flu season and also prevent serious complications from the flu.
- Pneumonia vaccine. Sometimes a pneumonia vaccine requires one time action. If you have diabetes complications or you are 65 years or older, you may need a vaccination every 5 years.
- Hepatitis B vaccine. Doctors will generally recommend the hepatitis B vaccine for adults with diabetes who have not previously received the vaccine and are younger than 60 years. If you are 60 years or older and have never received a hepatitis B vaccine, talk with your doctor whether this is good for you or not.
- Another vaccine. Update your tetanus vaccine. Your doctor may recommend other vaccines too.
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