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5 Most Important Nutrition for Maintaining Children's Health Stunting

Stunting is a growth barrier that makes children have a short body. One reason is the lack of nutritional intake since the fetus is in the womb. Stunting is permanent, but nutritional improvement will be very beneficial for maintaining the health of children who experience it.

Nutritional needs for stunting children

All types of nutrition are basically important for stunted children. However, here are some of the nutrients that have the most influence on the health of these children:

1. Protein

The body needs protein for various functions. Among these are building and repairing body tissues, forming the immune system, becoming the raw material of enzymes and hormones, and supporting the growth of bones, muscles, and vital organs.

Protein is a nutrient that is very important for stunting children. The reason, stunting children who lack protein are not only threatened to fail to grow, but also more easily lose muscle mass, fracture, and infectious disease.

2. Iron

Iron is a mineral that is important for growing children. This mineral binds to red blood cells to carry oxygen from the lungs throughout the body. That way, every organ and tissue of the body can develop according to its function.

Iron deficiency can inhibit growth and cause anemia. If left untreated, prolonged anemia can inhibit mental development. This will certainly have an effect on the learning process at school.

3. Zinc

Another nutrient that is no less important for stunting children is zinc. Zinc is needed for continued growth, cell formation, cell development into certain tissues and organs, and protecting children from infectious diseases.

Lack of zinc intake can worsen the stunting condition of the child. Not only stunted growth, zinc deficiency can also make them experience cognitive impairments, such as learning difficulties, memory disorders, and difficult to focus attention.

4. Calcium and vitamin D

The main function of calcium and vitamin D is to maintain bone health. Calcium is the main component of bone, while vitamin D helps the process of calcium metabolism. In addition, calcium is needed for the health of the nervous system, muscles and heart.

Both of these nutrients are very important for stunting children because the benefits are so broad. Without adequate calcium intake, stunted children are very at risk of developing bone, skin, nails and teeth developmental problems.

5. Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for the body. With enough energy, stunting children can move freely so that the brain continues to be provoked to learn and interact with others.

Their bodies also need energy to carry out various functions, including breaking down and absorbing various nutrients essential for growth. Conversely, carbohydrate deficiency can interfere with metabolism and make children lethargic.

Each nutrient has its own role to support the growth and health of stunting children. Stunting children need all kinds of nutrients, but protein, carbohydrates, calcium, iron, and zinc are five nutrients that should not be missed.

Although no longer able to increase the height of stunting children, this variety of nutrients can help development in other aspects. Meeting the five nutritional needs will also make stunting children healthier and able to fight disease.