5 Things Parents Need to Know About Stomach Pain in Children
Not only adults, children also often complain of abdominal pain. The causes are also varied, ranging from constipation, ulcers, diarrhea, to which are symptoms of serious illness. Stomach aches that your child feels may also require special care. So how to distinguish the two?
A digestive system specialist from the Cleveland Clinic page, Dr. Deborah Goldman, revealed various facts about abdominal pain in children plus what you should do if faced with it. The following is a summary.
1. The importance of monitoring children's fluid needsOne of the causes of stomach ache children is an infection in their intestines. This infection can then cause a child diarrhea which if ignored can lead to dehydration. This is where the task of parents must ensure that children get enough fluids.
Make sure the child always drinks at least eight glasses or the equivalent of 2 liters every day. Not only aims to prevent dehydration when experiencing an infection, an adequate amount of water can help the intestine to keep working normally.
Try to give children eight glasses of water a day instead of soft drinks or drinks containing artificial sweeteners. At a minimum, half the liquid that enters a child's body is water.
2. Child's stomach ache is most often due to constipationInfants and children are most often having difficulty defecating. This is also the most common cause of your child having an upset stomach. The way to prevent your child from having a difficult bowel movement is to add fiber intake to his diet.
If the child has difficulty eating vegetables, you can provide support for fiber intake, with high-fiber formula milk that is good for children's digestion. For example, you can give formula milk that has a high fiber content to meet the daily fiber needs of children.
Be careful if your child has not defecated for a long time and continues to complain of abdominal pain. It could be that it is a symptom of another more serious medical condition, such as celiac disease.
It is best to take your child to the doctor immediately if he continues to complain of abdominal pain and constipation.
3. Stomach flu is not the flu in generalAlthough both "flu", stomach flu is a condition that is completely different from the flu due to influenza virus. Stomach flu in medical language is called gastroenteritis. Generally, this condition occurs due to a virus. Usually, children who experience gastroenteritis will complain of abdominal pain and diarrhea. Children can also experience vomiting or not.
Some children may also have a fever, but not too high. Usually, these symptoms will disappear between 3-10 days. Because the cause is a virus, children suffering from gastroenteritis are usually not given antibiotics.
Make sure your child is getting enough fluids to avoid dehydration due to diarrhea. If the symptoms do not improve after five days, even the child also has a high fever and seems weak, immediately take him to the doctor to get treatment.
4. The child can also experience heartburnChildren can also experience gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), aka gastric acid reflux. Aside from a stomach ache, a child may also experience heartburn, a sour taste in the throat, belching, and constant nausea and vomiting.
Generally, doctors will give antacids so that stomach acid production can be reduced. In addition to medication, to prevent stomach pain in children caused by GERD, there are some lifestyle changes that your child may need to make, such as:
- Reducing the size of the meal, but eat more often
- Lose weight if obese
- Reducing sour, spicy, and fatty foods
- As much as possible not to eat in large portions when trying to do strenuous activities, such as sports
- Position the head higher than the body while sleeping
5. You may be more than just a stomachacheGenerally, a child's stomach ache can go away on its own without treatment or after getting treatment for a few days. There is nothing to worry too much about this condition.
However, you always need to maintain the digestive health of your child by adopting a good diet. You can also support his digestive health by giving him high-fiber child milk.
Keep in mind, there are several conditions of a child's stomach pain that may also lead to other conditions that are more serious.
You need to pay attention to other symptoms that accompany when your child has an upset stomach. For example, your child feels pain in the lower right abdomen, It could be that it is a sign of appendicitis.
The symptoms of recurrent gastroenteritis can also be a sign of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Lactose intolerance can also cause abdominal pain for a long time and continue to recur.