Gout initially may not cause symptoms until the acute attack actually occurs. Gradually, the symptoms of gout can be more debilitating when the disease has been going on for a long time. Most symptoms usually occur for several hours in 1-2 days. If left untreated, recurrence of attacks at any time can hinder daily activities. So, how to treat or reduce levels of excess uric acid?
Various ways to treat and reduce uric acid
Gout cannot be completely cured. However, you can treat the symptoms so they don't interfere with daily life.
The key to effective treatment is to reduce excess uric acid by changing your lifestyle to be healthier. Here are various ways to treat gout that you can do at home:
1. Monitor your uric acid levels
If you have just been diagnosed with gout, various ways to treat this disease may not be effective if you do not monitor the levels.
For starters, you can use the gout test kits purchased at the pharmacy. The shape and method of use is almost the same as a blood sugar checking device. But for accurate results, ask your doctor or pharmacist to teach you to use this tool at home.
By using these tools you can continue to monitor your uric acid levels. Normal uric acid levels are under 6 mg / dL for women and men under 7 mg / dL.
2. Take gout from the doctor
Taking medication is one of the most effective ways to reduce uric acid. If you have been prescribed gout by your doctor, obey the rules of the drinking schedule and the dosage according to instructions.
Some examples of gout-lowering drugs commonly prescribed by doctors are allopurinol and colchicine. Usually the doctor will also prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs such as celecoxib, indomethacin, meloxicam, or sulindac to relieve pain and swelling in the joints.
3. Take painkillers
Once a gout attack strikes, you can immediately take a nonprescription pain medication (NSAID) such as diclofenac or ibuprofen to treat the symptoms.
Don't take aspirin as a way to treat gout. Even though they are both NSAID painkillers, the drug has been reported by several studies to increase the risk of new attacks in the future; even in light dosages.
4. Exercise regularly
As long as you undergo treatment for gout, it is important to keep moving actively with sports.
Exercise regularly with moderate intensity for at least 30 minutes for 5 days a week.
The severity of gout symptoms will be more manageable if you exercise regularly. Exercise makes the joints strengthen and well trained, so that it can prevent pain that often attacks people with gout.
However, you are not advised to exercise right when gout is recurring attacks. Doing so can actually make symptoms worse and protracted. Inflammation in the joints can get worse.
Even so, it does not also mean that you do not move your joints. When the joint is inflamed, do a gentle stretch to prevent it from getting stiff.
After the inflammation subsides, then you can do exercise gradually and slowly. Exercise is recommended to rebuild strength and movement of muscles around the joint.
5. Maintain body weight with the right diet
Just like exercise, various ways to treat and reduce uric acid will not be effective if you do not adopt the right diet.
Recurrence of gout attacks is more risky experienced by people who are overweight or obese. Gout symptoms will also often recur if you are accustomed to eating trigger foods, which are high in fat and purines.
So as a way to reduce and treat gout, you must maintain a healthy diet to achieve ideal body weight.
Increase your intake of fruits and vegetables and complex carbohydrates such as wheat. For protein intake, choose from lean meat, fish, chicken with a dose of 2-3 pieces per day. Other sources of protein that can be added to your diet are low-fat dairy products or yogurt.
In addition, adhere to certain dietary restrictions as a way to reduce and prevent uric acid surges. The dishes that must be avoided are foods and beverages that are high in purine, namely seafood, red meat, sweet foods, alcohol, and innards.
Purines are substances that the body breaks down and can increase uric acid levels.
6. Drink plenty of mineral water
We recommend that you drink at least eight glasses of water per day to meet the needs of body fluids. Increase drinking water is included as an effective way to reduce uric acid, although not directly.
Tags : health