The crying baby is the most eagerly awaited during the delivery process. Yes, in general, babies will cry soon after birth which indicates that your baby has been born safely. In the medical world, this is a sign that the baby's lung organs are functioning properly. However, there are some babies who do not cry or cry too late at birth so that they require further medical treatment. So, what are the causes of babies not crying at birth? Check out the full review below.
Why do babies have to cry when they are born?
Normal babies will generally cry within 30 seconds to the first 1 minute of birth. Once the baby is born, he will immediately adapt to the outside world and breathe the air the first time. Well, this process triggers the baby's response by crying.
While still in the womb, the baby gets oxygen through the placenta. This is because the lungs and other organs are still developing to the perfect stage until the baby is born. In addition, the baby's lungs contain amniotic fluid (amniotic fluid) which protects the baby during pregnancy.
By the time of birth, the amniotic fluid will naturally shrink and dry out slowly. This means that the amniotic fluid in the baby's lungs automatically diminishes as a form of preparation for the baby to breathe with outside air.
Sometimes, amniotic fluid is sometimes still left in the baby's lungs at birth so that the risk of blocking the respiratory system. Well, herein lies the function of the baby crying at birth. Crying baby can help clear the remaining mucus in the lungs to facilitate the passage of oxygen.
Various causes of babies do not cry at birth that need to be aware of
The most common cause of babies not crying at birth is because there is a blockage in the baby's airways. The blockage can be in the form of mucus, amniotic fluid, blood, baby feces, or tongue that is pushed to the back of the throat. This is what causes the baby to be difficult to breathe so it can not respond by crying.
In the medical world, this condition is called asphyxia, when the baby lacks oxygen during labor. According to Dr. Yvonne Bohn, an obstetrician at Providence Saint John’s Health Center in Santa Monica, California, can be caused by several factors, namely:
- Baby's trauma when in the womb
- Placental problems
- Umbilical cord prolapse
- The mother experiences preeclampsia and eclampsia
- Mother takes certain medicines
- Shoulder dystocia or labor gets stuck when it reaches the baby's shoulder
Asphyxia in infants needs to be treated as soon as possible. Because if oxygen does not reach the baby's brain, then this will increase the risk of disability, such as cerebral palsy, autism, ADHD, seizures, until death.
The usual way for the medical team is to clean the baby's entire body, starting from the face, head and other body parts. In addition, the medical team patted or rubbed the baby's stomach, back, and chest, or pressed on the sole of the baby's feet to stimulate the baby's breathing.
If the baby still does not cry, the doctor will suck the fluid from the baby's mouth and nose using a small suction pipe to clear the obstruction and make sure both nostrils are fully open.
2. Premature birth
Premature babies are one of the reasons babies don't cry at birth. The reason is, the lung organs in premature babies have not developed fully like babies born at term.
This is because surfactants (lung protective substances) do not develop properly. As a result, premature babies tend to experience respiratory problems at birth.
3. Green amniotic fluid
Normally, amniotic water is clear. Fetuses in the womb sometimes drink amniotic fluid without realizing it. This is actually not dangerous if the amniotic fluid is in normal conditions.
Another case when the amniotic fluid changes color to green. Amniotic fluid can turn green due to a mixture of other substances in it, one of which is mixed with meconium or the baby's first stool in the womb.
The baby's intestine in the womb can reflexively release meconium into the amniotic fluid. If the amniotic fluid is drunk by the baby, then this will infect the baby's lungs and trigger inflammation. As a result, the baby has difficulty breathing and then it is difficult to cry at birth.
4. Mother has diabetes
Reporting from Livestrong, mothers who have diabetes will give birth to babies with hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. One of the symptoms is irregular breathing. This means, newborn babies will not fluent when breathing so it is difficult to show the response to cry at birth.
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