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Causes of Stomach Pain in Toddlers

Constipation is often cited as a cause of abdominal pain in children, but this rarely happens in smaller babies. Abdominal pain is more common in older children, especially pain in the lower abdomen. Intestinal problems can occur when a child's diet lacks a lot of fluids, fresh fruits and vegetables, and fiber-rich grains.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTI)

Much more common in children aged one to five years than smaller children. Urinary tract infections cause discomfort in the stomach and bladder area, accompanied by pain and heat during urination.

Children with UTI can also urinate more often and even wet themselves. However, infections usually do not cause fever.

If your child complains of these symptoms, see your pediatrician for a urine test. If an infection occurs, antibiotics will be given to eliminate this infection and stomach ache.

Sore throat

This is a throat infection caused by streptococcal bacteria. This often happens to children over two years old.

Symptoms and signs are sore throat, fever, and stomachache. Sometimes, vomiting and headaches can also occur. The pediatrician will examine and rub the throat to check the bacteria. If the results are positive for inflammation, it needs to be treated with antibiotics.


It is very rare in children under three years of age and very rare in children under five years old. When appendicitis occurs, the first sign is pain in the middle of the abdomen, then the pain travels down and to the right side of the abdomen.

Lead poisoning

Most often occurs in toddlers living in old homes (built before 1960) where lead-based paint is still allowed to be used. Children at this age may eat small pieces of paint from walls and wood. The tin is then stored in the body and can create many fatal health problems.

Parents also need to be on the lookout for toys or other products that contain dangerous lead.

Symptoms of lead poisoning are not only stomach ache, but also constipation, irritability (cranky children, crying, difficult to cheer up), lethargy (drowsiness, not wanting to play, having poor appetite), and convulsions. If your child is exposed to lead paint contacts, eats paint flakes or has toys that are cracked, peeling, or broken and have one of the symptoms above, contact your pediatrician. He can do a blood test and advise you what other tests need to be done. That is a good step to check for lead in the body.

Milk allergy

This is a reaction to protein in milk that usually occurs in younger babies, can cause stomach cramps, often accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, and skin rashes.

Emotional disturbance

Emotional disorders in school-age children sometimes cause recurrent abdominal pain that has no apparent cause. Although this pain rarely occurs under the age of five, it can occur in children who are under unusual stress.

The main characteristic is the pain that tends to come and go for more than a week, often associated with unpleasant activities. In addition, no other complaints were found such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, coughing, lethargy or fatigue, urinary tract symptoms, sore throat, or flu symptoms. There may also be a family history of this type of disease.

In the end, your child can be more silent or noisy than usual and have difficulty expressing thoughts or feelings. If this kind of behavior occurs, find out if something is disturbing his mind at home or school or with siblings, siblings, or friends. Did he just lose a close friend or pet? Is it because of the death of a family member, divorce or parental separation?

The doctor can suggest that your child discuss problems. For example, using toys or games so that children can get out of their problems. If you need additional help, your pediatrician may refer you to a child therapist, psychologist, or psychiatrist.