For those of you with diabetes, the main thing that must always be done is to control blood sugar levels. because diabetes can not be cured, but can be controlled. One of the controls is given insulin injections. But should all people with diabetes be given insulin injections to make their blood sugar levels normal? So what types of insulin injections are there?
What is the function of insulin injections for diabetics?
Blood sugar levels in diabetics can be done by implementing a healthy lifestyle and taking drugs to prevent hyperglycemia. However, in people with type 1 diabetes, insulin injections are the mainstay way to control this disease, because basically this type of disease is caused by the production of the hormone insulin in the body.
So, people with type 1 diabetes must be given insulin injections so that their blood sugar levels are controlled. Meanwhile, in people with type 2 diabetes, insulin injections are given when the oral medication is no longer effective for controlling blood sugar.
What are the types of insulin injections? Does it have different functions?
Many types of insulin are used to control blood sugar levels in diabetics. This type of insulin is grouped based on how fast insulin works and how long insulin can maintain blood sugar levels. Here are some types of insulin that you should know about:
This type of insulin works very quickly in lowering the body's blood sugar levels. Therefore, it is used 15 minutes before eating. Here is an example of rapid-acting insulin:
Insulin lispro (Humalog), this type of insulin only takes about 15-30 minutes to reach your blood vessels and can reduce blood sugar levels in 30-60 minutes. Can maintain normal blood sugar for 3-5 hours.
Insulin Asprat (Novolog), only takes 10-20 to enter the blood vessels and can reduce blood sugar levels by 40-50 minutes. In addition, this type of insulin can maintain normal blood sugar levels for 3-5 hours.
Insulin gluisine (Apidra), takes 20-30 minutes to get to the blood vessels, can reduce blood in just 30-90 minutes, and maintain it between 1-2.5 hours.
This type of insulin can also reduce blood sugar levels quickly - though not as fast as rapid-acting. Usually, this insulin will be given 30-60 minutes before eating. Here is an example:
Regular (R) or novolin, which can reach blood vessels within 30-60 minutes, works quickly by spending 2-5 hours, and maintaining blood sugar levels up to 5-8 hours.
This type of insulin can work during the day, therefore the use of insulin is more widely used at night and only once per day. Usually, long-acting insulin will be combined with rapid-acting or short-acting insulin. Here is an example:
Glargine insulin (Lantus, Toujeo), can reach blood vessels in 1-1.5 hours and maintain blood sugar levels for approximately 20 hours.
Insulin detemir (Levemir), reaches blood vessels in about 1-2 hours and works for 24 hours.
Degludec insulin (Tresiba), enters the blood vessels within 30-90 minutes and works for 42 hours.
You can get several different types of insulin injections, this depends on the condition of each patient. The dosage also differs from person to person, so you should ask the doctor who treats you regarding the schedule and dosage of insulin injections.
Insulin injections are easier using a pen
Actually, there are several ways to administer insulin injections, which are using a syringe or with a special pen. However, the most widely used today is a special pen. This is due to the easy way to use it. Some benefits if you use a pen when injecting insulin, namely:
- Easy to use, making it suitable for the elderly and children.
- Easy to regulate insulin dosage.
- Easy to carry and can be used repeatedly.
Tags : diabetes