Babies are more susceptible to various health problems than adults. One is the condition of shortness of breath that often makes parents worry. However, you do not need to panic because there are some easy tips to deal with the condition of shortness of breath in babies.
Causes of shortness of breath in babies
Before knowing how to deal with shortness of breath in a baby, you must first know what causes this condition in your baby.
In general, babies do have different breathing shapes and sounds from adults. This is because the structure of the baby's respiratory organs is still not perfect.
Babies have respiratory tracts that tend to be smaller and narrower, so blockage is easier. In addition, the inside of the baby's chest is still soft because it consists of cartilage.
These things cause the baby's breathing may sound faster, take longer pauses between each breath, and are accompanied by unnatural sounds.
Reporting from Healthline, newborn babies usually breathe as much as 30-60 pulls per minute. When entering the age of 6 months, that number decreases to 25-40 times per minute. Meanwhile, adults breathe 12-20 times per minute.
However, if the baby shows signs of breathing that are not natural, such as too fast or too slow, parents need to be aware of the condition.
Here are some types of respiratory disorders in infants and their causes:
1. Transient tachypnea
If there is an oddity or shortness of breath in the baby, it is generally caused by a condition called transient tachypnea.
This condition is caused by the presence of residual fluid in the lungs. When the baby is still in the womb, the baby's lungs are filled with fluid. Under normal conditions, the fluid will be completely absorbed through the lymphatic system and blood vessels when the baby is born.
This condition usually only occurs for a while and will disappear along with the growth of the baby.
Croup is a type of viral infection that causes inflammation in the baby's trachea and larynx. This condition can also cause shortness of breath in babies.
Wheezing or wheezing is characterized by a whistling sound when the baby inhales. This condition is usually caused by other diseases, such as pneumonia, asthma, or the presence of allergies.
Similar to wheezing, the stridor causes shortness of breath in the baby followed by a high voice. The most common cause of stridor is laryngomalasia, which is narrowing of the respiratory tract.
How to deal with shortness of breath in infants
When your baby is short of breath, don't panic and try to stay calm so that you can overcome this condition as first aid. Some tips you can do, including:
1. Always lay baby's body
The first way to deal with shortness of breath in infants is to pay attention to the position of his body.
Try to avoid the prone position when the baby is sleeping. This is important to prevent the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.
Although the exact reason is unknown, prone position is believed to worsen the condition of shortness of breath in infants because it can clog the upper respiratory tract, causing a buildup of carbon dioxide, and decreased oxygen levels.
2. Change baby clothes
Sometimes, shortness of breath that occurs in infants can be caused by an increase in body temperature and the baby feels hot.
Therefore, try to change your baby's clothes with materials that are more comfortable and facilitate air circulation.
3. Keep baby from allergy triggers
If shortness of breath associated with allergic conditions, immediately avoid the baby from things that can trigger allergies, such as dust, smoke, or certain foods to overcome this condition.
Always keep the house clean from dust and dirt, especially on items that are easily dusty such as carpets, sofas, and dolls. It would be better if you install an air purifier to improve air quality at home.
4. Don't force the baby to drink
It may cross your mind to give a baby a drink that is experiencing shortness of breath in order to overcome this condition.
However, when breathing problems, giving it a risk of causing fluid to enter the respiratory tract or lungs. This condition can worsen the shortness of breath experienced by the baby, even potentially causing other health complications.
If you are not sure of the cause of the baby experiencing shortness of breath or how to overcome it, immediately contact your doctor to get the right treatment.
Tags : parenting