When your child has a cold that doesn't heal, you need to pay extra attention. Could be, what he experienced was not an ordinary cold, but sinusitis. So, how to distinguish sinusitis in children with common colds? The following explanation and how to treat it.
Difference in sinusitis and colds or flu
Sinus is a cavity between the facial bones around the nose. Inflammation in this part is called sinusitis.
As a parent you need to be sensitive and thorough to know the difference between sinusitis and colds, remembering that they sometimes have similar symptoms.
The following are guidelines that you can use to distinguish sinusitis or colds that occur in your child.
Common characteristics of colds
The following are symptoms of a cold that is not sinusitis.
- Colds usually only last 5 to 10 days.
- Colds are characterized by a clear runny nose from the nose. After the first or second day, this liquid normally thickens, white, yellow, or green. After a few days, the snot returns clear and dries up.
- Colds are usually accompanied by coughing during the day which gets worse at night.
- If the child also has a fever, it usually occurs when a cold first appears and is not too severe. Survive for a day or two.
- Cold symptoms usually peak on the third or fifth day. Symptoms improve and disappear on days 7 to 10.
Sinusitis in children can be immediately seen when your child experiences the following symptoms:
- Cold symptoms (nasal discharge, coughing during the day, or both) last more than 10 days without getting better.
- Yellow viscous fluid from the nose and fever that lasts for at least 3 to 4 consecutive days.
- Severe headaches in the back or around the eyes. Will feel worse when looking down.
- Swelling and dark circles around the eyes, especially in the morning
- Bad breath that doesn't go away with cold symptoms (however, this symptom can also be caused by dry throat or a sign that your baby hasn't brushed his teeth)
- Swelling and / or redness around the eyes, not only in the morning but throughout the day
- Severe headaches and / or pain in the back of the neck
- Light sensitive
- Irritability increases
Treating sinusitis in children
Treatment of sinusitis in children usually depends on symptoms, age and overall health condition. Treatment will also depend on how severe the sinusitis condition is.
1. Short-term (acute sinusitis)
Acute sinusitis can resolve on its own. When it doesn't improve after a few days, your pediatrician will usually prescribe:
Antibiotics are useful for killing the bacteria that cause sinusitis in children. When the symptoms of sinusitis don't improve after 3 to 5 days, your pediatrician might try other, stronger antibiotics.
Sinusitis in children is also sometimes caused by allergies. To deal with inflammation of the sinuses this one is usually the doctor will give antihistamines and other allergic drugs that can reduce swelling.
2. Long-term (chronic sinusitis)
Treatment for chronic sinusitis in children, including:
- Visiting ENT doctor
- Antibiotics (children may take antibiotics for a longer time)
- Inhaled corticosteroid medication (nasal spray containing steroids)
- Other medications (nasal sprays with antihistamines and saline, or other drugs to thin the mucus)
- Allergy shots or immunotherapy
- Surgery (but rarely performed on children)
Drink water or juice every hour or two to thin the mucus to make it easier to get out
Saline wash (nasal wash) using a special fluid to keep the sinuses and nose moist. Ask the doctor or nurse for instructions
Compress the nose, cheeks and eyes of your child with a warm towel to help reduce pain
Colds usually do not take a long time and the symptoms are not as heavy as a child who has sinusitis. In addition to pediatricians, you can also go to the ENT doctor to have your child examined if sinusitis is affected.
Tags : health