Women who soon become mothers are usually overwhelmed by fears of pain during childbirth. Unbearable pain usually occurs when there is a contraction until the birth process takes place. Therefore, various methods are usually applied beforehand to give birth go more smoothly. Starting from gymnastics, walking to the use of drugs that relieve pain. However, now there are also choices of labor techniques that can be done to reduce pain.
Choice of delivery method to reduce pain
1. The technique of labor with anesthesia
Administration of anesthesia or anesthesia is the most common method for reducing pain during childbirth. Especially in mothers whose health conditions are weak so they do not have a high tolerance level for pain.
There are several types of anesthesia that are allowed for the birthing process. However, local anesthetics that only anesthetize the area around the vagina are less effective in dealing with pain.
This anesthesia method is most often done during childbirth. Anesthetic is injected into the body in the spinal cord and causes the hips down to feel numb from the effects of anesthesia. Generally, this drug is given when the 4th or 5th opening occurs.
Epidural anesthesia is also done when the mother gives birth by cesarean section. Although reducing pain, usually this method will not be done if the mother experiences bleeding or a decrease in blood pressure.
There are other types of anesthesia that can be used as alternatives, namely intrathecal anesthesia which has a lower dose, but no less effective.
Doses that are not too large can reduce the side effects of anesthesia. However, anesthesia can only last about 4 hours so it should not be used in labor that requires a long time.
According to the NCBI review, intrathecal anesthesia consists of:
Fentanyl of 0.025 mg which can accelerate the opening process and shorten the first labor phase
2.5 mg of Bupivacaine helps overcome pain in the abdomen during the second stage of labor
Morphine of 0.25 mg which works to extend the anesthetic effect
Anesthetic side effects
Although rare, side effects from anesthesia still need to be aware of from the beginning. Some minor health problems that may be caused by labor techniques using anesthesia are nausea, itching, and headaches.
These side effects can be overcome by giving intravenous drugs (injected through veins) and naltrexone drugs.
2. Nitrogen Oxide (N2O) Gas
Known as laughing gas, nitrogen oxide is indeed an analgesic gas that effectively reduces pain. The method of giving birth to nitrous oxide gas is also known as entonox anesthesia. In entonox there is also a mixture of oxygen.
Entonoks can be inhaled through a mask. Usually the doctor will ask you to take a deep breath slowly so that this gas can fill the lungs.
After that the gas will be forwarded to the brain to affect the nerves of pain so that the pain can immediately subside. Most women who undergo this labor technique are very satisfied with the pain relief effects that arise when contractions occur.
Birth methods that rely on hypnosis and relaxation are also starting to bloom. Because the technique is indeed helping women who want to give birth prepare themselves mentally and physically. Hypnosis is done to reduce one's awareness of fear, anxiety, and anxiety about pain during childbirth.
Labor techniques like this have actually been done for centuries for the smooth delivery process. But it is indeed impossible for the body to feel relaxed when contractions or childbirth take place.
Therefore, this method of labor requires practice so that your body is accustomed to relax. The goal is to release the release of oxytosis, the hormone prostaglandin, and endorphins in the brain so that the muscles relax and the body feels comfortable. That way, you can also be more in control of the pain sensations that arise during childbirth.
Tags : give birth