If allowed to get worse, osteoporosis can cause various other health problems. The complications of osteoporosis are very diverse and not the same for each person. Back again, everything depends on the condition of each person. The following are the most vulnerable complications and how to prevent them.
The most common osteoporosis complications attack
Osteoporosis is a condition when bones lose their mineral density, making them more fragile and prone to fractures.
Osteoporosis can occur with a range of conditions from not too severe to severe. When it is severe and does not get the right treatment and as soon as possible, there are various complications that lurk like:
1. Broken bones
Areas of bone that lose their mineral density over time will gradually break. The spine, hip bones, and wrists are the areas of bone most often broken when exposed to osteoporosis.
A vertebral fracture is a condition when one or more small bones in the back area are broken. If you have osteoporosis, fractures are a very vulnerable complication. In fact, just bending or coughing violently can directly break your spine.
When the spine is broken, this is usually accompanied by pain in the area along the spine from the lower back to the middle. In fact, the condition often worsens when you sit or stand for long periods.
Spinal fractures usually cause height to be reduced. If there are quite a lot of broken bones, it's not impossible that your posture will stoop.
Hip fractures are usually accompanied by pain levels that vary. A person can only feel a little pain but can still walk. On the other hand, a person may no longer be able to hold the weight of his own body.
But in general, hip fracture is a condition characterized by symptoms such as:
- Pain in the hip
- Swelling or bruising
- Difficulty walking or standing as normal
- The foot on one side of the affected side looks shorter or bent
Broken wrists are also a complication of osteoporosis. This condition is usually triggered when an osteoporosis sufferer makes the palm of the hand as a support when falling. As a result, the wrist area bears too much weight for people with osteoporosis.
When a wrist breaks, there are a number of symptoms that will appear such as:
- Pain, swelling, and bruising on the wrist or base of the thumb
- Your wrists bend at an unnatural angle
- The sensation of pain when trying to hold something in the injured hand area
Depression is a psychiatric disorder that can arise as a result of advanced osteoporosis. The reason is, people who lose bone out of control are often difficult to move.
As a result, they spend a lot of time on a bed or chair. This makes it difficult for osteoporosis sufferers to do everything themselves. Help from others will always be needed even to just get out of bed.
His various hobbies and daily activities such as gardening, cooking, and traveling may already be difficult to do alone. Even if you can, osteoporosis sufferers usually need wheelchair assistance. Because the various activities are not relaxing but actually painful.
If these feelings and thoughts are not altered or positively managed, it is not impossible for sufferers to experience depression. Joining a support group or association of people with osteoporosis can be the solution.
That way, osteoporosis sufferers don't feel alone anymore. In addition, doing various fun things can also help divert the mind about the illness.
Can prevent complications?
Osteoporosis complications can of course be prevented. There are various things you can do to prevent complications such as:
Avoid the risk of falling
Because the main complications of osteoporosis are broken bones, one way to prevent them is to maintain balance. Reporting from the Winchester Hospital page, there are various ways you can do to prevent the risk of falling, namely:
- Clean cables scattered at home
- Ensure that the carpet sticks perfectly to the floor, not loose
- Installing a handrail in the bathroom to prevent slipping
- Install good lighting at home, especially in the bathroom, stairs, and entrances
- Put the carpet or non-slip mat in the area near the sink (dishwasher) and stove
- Doing stairs with carpet so that it is not slippery
- Use rubber-soled shoes or sandals
- Diligent in exercising
Consuming enough calcium and vitamin D
Kalisum and vitamin D are two important nutrients that need to be consumed when you have osteoporosis. Both help to strengthen bones so that they can still support the body.
Green vegetables, orange juice, beef liver, eggs, and dairy products are food sources that are rich in calcium and vitamin D. If food alone is not enough to make calcium and vitamin D intake fulfilled, you can consult your doctor to ask for recommendations for supplements.
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