What is the Impact if Children are Calcium Deficient?
Calcium is an important mineral for the body. This mineral plays a role in many ways, especially in building bones and teeth. In children, the role of calcium is very large to support growth. Unfortunately, not all children can meet calcium intake properly. So, what is the impact if calcium deficiency occurs in children? Understand more deeply the impact of the following review.
Impact of calcium deficiency on children
The role of calcium in the body not only builds strong bones and teeth. Minerals also regulate heart rate, maintain fluid balance in cells, freeze blood, and regulate muscle contraction and nerve impulses.
To meet the needs of calcium per day, children can get it from foods, such as milk, yogurt, and cheese. For children with milk allergies or lactose intolerance, calcium can be obtained from other foods, such as tofu, soybeans, almonds, kidney beans, and green vegetables.
If calcium needs in the child's body are not fulfilled, the child can experience calcium deficiency. Lack of calcium in children can cause symptoms, such as muscle cramps, tingling, and numbness. In addition, the skin becomes dry and brittle nails.
According to the pages of John Hopkins Medicine, inadequate calcium can also cause hypocalcemia. This condition indicates low calcium in the blood. Usually, this condition afflicts premature babies, born to mothers who have diabetes, have infections, or have pituitary gland problems.
Most babies don't show any symptoms. If there is, it is likely that he will look lethargic, difficult to eat, sensitive, and experiencing seizures.
Adverse effects due to lack of calcium in children
Low calcium can cause bad effects for children, especially those who are in their infancy. If this condition is accompanied by low levels of vitamin D and phosphorus, the risk of rickets can increase.
Rickets is a bone disorder that causes the baby's growth to be delayed, the legs and spine bent. This condition makes the child grow with curved legs forming the letter O. Having bone disorders like this can certainly interfere with the child's daily activities as he grows older.
Lack of calcium in children also causes decreased bone density. Even though children need bones to support them to move actively to do various activities.
As a result, this condition will make a child easily broken bones. Not only that, decreased bone density can increase the risk of osteoporosis (bone loss) increases later in life.
Based on studies in the journal Endocrine Connection, severe hypocalcemia can be life threatening. As many as 135 people who experience severe hypocalcemia can experience heart complications, such as heart failure.
However, in most cases this occurs because the patient also experiences other health problems, such as thyroid disorders and low levels of magnesium in the blood.
This is what parents must do
Calcium deficiency in children can be prevented by providing foods high in calcium, such as milk, green vegetables, nuts.
Meeting your child's calcium needs can also be done since you are still pregnant. Make sure you adopt a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy, such as eating healthy foods, maintaining weight and cleanliness to avoid infection.
Remember this condition does not always show symptoms and signs that are easily recognized, especially in infants. Therefore, if you find your child fussy but looks weak, you should see a doctor immediately.